A safe and highly effective vaccine, tragically underused

A safe and highly effective vaccine, tragically underused

by Helen Rees | University of the Witwatersrand We can protect young girls against HPV and save millions of lives from cervical cancer – let’s make it a priority I never met my grandmother. She died in her mid-forties, a housewife married to a coalminer in a poor Welsh mining community. Although my father was never sure, he thought that she died from cancer of the ‘neck of the womb’ – what we now call…

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Burden of gynaecological cancers in developing countries

Burden of gynaecological cancers in developing countries

  Chukwuemeka Anthony Iyoke and George Onyemaechi Ugwu   Abstract Approximately 1:4 of all cancers in women in developing countries (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) is a gynaecological cancer. The gynaecological cancer burden in developing countries is huge primarily due to the high incidence and mortality of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer accounts for over 60% of the gynaecological cancer burden in developing countries despite being preventable by current technologies. This is due to the absence of…

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Ten-year surgical experiences with penile cancer at a tertiary care hospital in northwestern Tanzania: a retrospective study of 236 patients

Phillipo L Chalya, Peter F Rambau, Nestory Masalu and Samson Simbila Abstract Background Penile cancer is an uncommon malignancy in developed countries, but the incidence is as high as 10% to 20% of all male cancers in some developing countries. There is a paucity of published data on this subject in our setting. This study describes the clinicopathological presentation and treatment outcome of this condition in northwestern Tanzania, and highlights challenges associated with the care of these…

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Risk for cancer in gay, bisexual and transgender men via Iifection

Risk for cancer in gay, bisexual and transgender men via Iifection

Cancer and the LGBT Community Stewart Landers J.D., M.C.P. Abstract A number of infections play a significant role in cancer risk for gay, bisexual and transgender (GBT) men. The association between Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the virus that attacks and degrades the immune system, frequently leading to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and cancer, has been studied extensively. In addition, human papillomavirus (several types), human herpes virus (also several types), and Hepatitis virus (primarily Hep…

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Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine: Determinants of Acceptability by Mothers for Adolescents in Nigeria

    Michael C Ezeanochie, 2Biodun N Olagbuji 1) Gynae-oncology Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Ugbowo, Benin City, Nigeria  (2) Womens and Adolescent Health Research Initiative, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti  Abstract Vaccination of adolescent females against Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), the causative agent for cervical cancer has recently become available. As minors, parental acceptance of the vaccines for adolescent daughters requires exploration. This was a…

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