2014, Volume 6, Issue 6


Dear Readers

Welcome to the ReproNet-Africa Newsletter.

This issue focuses on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Africa and includes a selection of the most recent research evidence available. The range of articles include the compromising challenge of simultaneously preventing pregnancy and STIs; oral cancer-causing HPV; and a look at chlamydia's ability to knock out the body's cancer defense. This issue also includes upcoming SRH courses, events, funding and employment opportunities.

As always we would love to hear from you so send us your feedback about this issue and/or suggestions for future issues. We encourage you to subscribe to any of ReproNet-Africa’s social media sites including FacebookGoogle plus,  LinkedIn and Twitter for fast and easy access to the latest SRH news and information.

Warmest regards





News from members


WHARC on Maternal Death Review for Health Providers in Lagos State

Concerned on the feasibility for conducting Maternal Death Review (MDR) without legal prosecutions on the team that managed cases of maternal death, one of the principles of Maternal Death Review is a no name, no blame principle but that it is necessary … Read more.

Diana Mubanga Macauley of PPAZ speaks up at the advocacy workshop

Zambian Family Planning Advocates: “Think Like an Ant, Not An Elephant.”

“In Zambia, family planning is not part of the nursing school curriculum.” It seems unbelievable, but our partners from the Planned Parenthood Association of Zambia explain that unless nurses get special post-training, they are not routinely taught how to insert intrauterine devices (IUDs) or contraceptive implants. PAI is here in Chisamba for a … Read more.


SRH News from Africa 

Key Facts on Sexually Transmitted Infections

Key Key facts More than 1 million people acquire a sexually transmitted infection (STI) every day. Each year, an estimated 500 million people become ill with one of 4 STIs: chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and trichomoniasis. More than 530 million people have the … Read more.

Reproductive Tract Infections: An Introductory Overview

Reproductive tract infections are being increasingly recognized as a serious global health problem with impact on individual women and men, their families and communities. They can have severe consequences, including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain, miscarriage, and increased risk of HIV transmission. Types of Infection Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) refer to three different types of infection which affect the … Read more.


HIV prevention: offering hope to victims of sexual violence

MSF/Mariella Furrer When 25-year old Fatuma was raped just a few doors away from her own home in Khayelitsha, South Africa, she knew exactly what to do afterwards. “I was in shock and I felt as though my life was ruined forever. But something in me must have … Read more.

Prevention of syphilis: another positive benefit of male circumcision

Although rates of syphilis in the USA and Europe have increased slightly in the past decade, the greatest burden of syphilis lies in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, where nearly 10 million cases occur every year, and more than 36 million people globally harbour the disease.1 Recent studies have estimated that more than 5% of pregnant women in … Read more.

Photo source: Independent UK

Ugandan girls giving up education in the hope of being provided for – by paedophiles

The acceptance of cross-generational sex as normal in parts of East Africa is condemning adolescents to terrible consequences by Alister Dawber Mayiga Abdullah is a paedophile. He openly admits to it. And when he's told that in the UK he would be in prison … Read more.


Research Evidence


Cessation of intravaginal practices to prevent bacterial vaginosis: a pilot intervention in Zimbabwean women

Intravaginal practices—including behaviours such as washing with soap or other materials, using fingers or cloth, or insertion of herbs, powders or other products to dry, cleanse or ‘tighten’ the vagina—may increase women’s risk of bacterial vaginosis by … Read more.

open forum

Hepatitis C in Sub-Saharan Africa: Urgent Need for Attention

The hepatitis C virus (HCV), which was not recognized as an infectious agent until the 1980s, is responsible for a worldwide epidemic. The World Health Organization estimates global prevalence at 2.8%, with 185 million persons infected. In contrast to hepatitis B, where successful vaccine campaigns have reduced the disease burden, much less … Read more.


Simultaneous prevention of unintended pregnancy and STIs: a challenging compromise

ESHRE Capri Workshop Group   Abstract Background: Unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are the major negative consequences of unsafe sex. Both are common and have long-term social and health consequences. Barrier methods … Read more.

std 2

Cross-Sectional Study of Genital, Rectal, and Pharyngeal Chlamydia and Gonorrhea in Women in Rural South Africa

Epidemiological data of genital chlamydia and gonorrhea, required to inform design and implementation of control programs, are limited for rural Africa. There are no data on the prevalence of rectal or pharyngeal infections among African women … Read more.

The Prevalence of HIV by Ethnic Group Is Correlated with HSV-2 and Syphilis Prevalence in Kenya, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States

This paper investigates two issues: do ethnic/racial groups with high HIV prevalences also have higher prevalences of other STIs? and is HIV prevalence by ethnic group correlated with the prevalence of circumcision, concurrency, or having more than one partner … Read more.

Photos source: McGill

Oral cancer-causing HPV transmission

McGill study helps identify those most at risk for oral human papillomavirus (HPV) Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infections were more common among men who had female partners with oral and/or genital HPV infection, suggesting that the transmission of HPV occurs via oral-oral and oral-genital routes, according to a McGill University study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & … Read more.


Chlamydia knock out body's own cancer defense

By breaking down the cancer-suppressing protein p53, Chlamydia prevent programmed cell death and thereby favour the process of cancer development Infections due to the sexually transmitted bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis often remain unnoticed. The pathogen is not only a common cause of female infertility; it is also suspected of … Read more.

plos patho

Why Sexually Transmitted Infections Tend to Cause Infertility: An Evolutionary Hypothesis

In this Opinion piece we argue that the tendency of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to cause infertility is likely to reflect an evolutionary adaptation of the pathogens. … Read more.


Training Courses

From Research to Practice: Training Course in SRHR

Course Duration May-November 2015 7 months distance learning September 2016 One week intensive training in WHO Geneva, Switzerland This course is an appropriate training package that meets the needs of health care providers and other professionals involved in research in many countries. The course aims to provide health professionals in different countries with knowledge, skills and competencies in sexual and reproductive … Read more.

Legal and Policy Barriers to Abortion

This course is designed for advocates, lawyers, policy makers, and health professionals who contribute to laws and policies on abortion, including Standards and Guidelines.  The content provides a basic overview and includes resources for further study. Author: Ipas University Language: English Year: 2013 Course Code: IPU-Policy-Barriers Course … Read more.

Global Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR)

Sessions February 23 2015 - 5 April 2015   Eligible for Statement of Accomplishment   Course at a Glance 5 weeks of study 5-7 hours of work / week English English subtitles … Read more.

Sexual and reproductive health and rights: Organizing effective responses

Start date: 18-05-2015 End date: 04-06-2015 Duration: 3 weeks Application deadline: 18-03-2015 NFP Application date: 21-10-2014 Location: KIT Training Centre, Amsterdam Language: English Fee: € 1870 (2015) Improving access to equitable and quality sexual and … Read more.


Funding Opportunities 


The Innovation Fund for Implementing Mechanisms of the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition

The Innovation Fund is the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition’s flagship initiative for inspiring and financing new activities that further the Coalition’s strategic goals … Read more.


Employment Opportunities


Upcoming Events

2nd Regional Symposium on Adolescents Sexual Reproductive Rights and HIV

Established in 1990, the Society for AIDS in Africa (SAA) promotes policies and research to support government response to end the HIV epidemic on the continent. Following the 1st Regional Symposium in Khartoum in 2007, SAA will organize its 2nd … Read more.

21st World Congress on Controversies in Obstetrics, Gynecology & Infertility (COGI) 2015

February 7-10, 2015 Shangri-La Hotel, Guilin, China 21st World Congress on Controversies in Obstetrics, Gynecology & Infertility … Read more.


Research Uptake (ResUp MeetUp) Symposium and Training Exchange

Between 9-12 February 2015, the ResUp MeetUp will convene in Nairobi, Kenya, for a Symposium and Training Exchange. The aim of the two-day Symposium is to explore emerging issues within and develop a deeper understanding of the evolving … Read more.

The International Conference on Masculinities: Engaging Men and Boys for Gender Equality

On March 6-8, 2015, the Center for the Study of Men and Masculinities (CSMM) will host the International Conference on Masculinities: Engaging Men and Boys for Gender Equality, in New York City. The Conference is timed to immediately precede the meeting … Read more.

Health Information Systems Program - SA 2015 International Conference

Date: 24 March 2015 - 25 March 2015 Venue: Bloemfontein, South Africa Over … Read more.